History of the Kingdom of Etruria

The Kingdom of Etruria was founded by the Emperor Napoleon in 1801 as a successor state to the Habsburg Grand Duchy of Tuscany to compensate the House of Bourbon-Parma for loss of their ancestral lands. The Habsburg Grand Duke was compensated with the Electorate of Salzburg. In 1807, Napoleon annexed Etruria into France. After Napoleon's exile to Elba, a new Grand Duchy of Tuscany was given to the House of Habsburg as an independent State. Bourbon-Parma received the Duchy of Lucca temporarily until the death of the French Empress, who had been given the Duchy of Parma. The House of Bourbon-Parma eventually returned to their ancestral lands, and Lucca was annexed into the Grand Duchy of Habsburg. The Grand Duchy itself was later annexed into the Kingdom of Sardinia, which became the Kingdom of Italy after the unification of the Italian peninsula under the House of Savoy. After the Second World War, governance of the territory passed to the newly-formed Italian Republic. The titular Kingdom of Etruria was restored by the Holy Roman Empire to the Franco-Italian House of Johnson-Etruria-di Daniell in compensation for ancestral lands lost and in continuation of their service of their ancestors in the Holy Roman Empire regions of France, Italy, Normandy, and the British Isles and Colonies. The descent of the House of Johnson-Etruria di Daniell includes the houses of Bourbon, Anjou, Altavilla-Sicily-Naples (Hauteville), Ivrea, Flanders, and Castile y León.

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Throughout history, members of the House of Johnson-Etruria-di Daniell served in the military with distinction. The current family follows in ancient footsteps of ancestors who conquered Sicily from the Arabic eminarate. Later in history, Walter, uncle of the present Grand Prince, fought in the campaign to liberate Italy from the Nazis. He later participated in the D-Day invasion of Normandy, receiving the Croix de Guerre with Palm from France, and the invasion of Okinawa. Other members of the family throughout its history have served in the military around the world with distinction and have made contributions in many fields of endeavor.

The territory of Etruria dates to the ancient Etruscan civilization and includes the history of the Medici Republic and Duchy of Florence, as well as the Gallo-Roman heritage of the Houses of Medici, Bourbon-Parma, Johnson-Etruria-di-Daniell, and Savoy. The Kingdom of Etruria in the Holy Roman Empire today is a titular ecclesiastical kingdom under the Old Holy Roman Church of the English Rite with strong cultural links to the Etrurian region. While spiritual and temporal authority are maintained, administration of government in the region today is vested in the Republic of Italy. Its primary purpose is the preservation of the chivalric and noble traditions, both spiritual and temporal, of the Holy Church.

General Facts


Heraldic History of Etruria

Papal Cousins

Inclusions on the Quaternion Eagle of the H.R.E.

Patrimony of the Patriarchate of St. Stephen


Patrimony of the Etrurian Household

Duke and Prince of Florence
Prince, Duke, and Marquis of Santa Croce
Prince, Duke, Marquis, and Count of Monte Titano
Prince McIan of McShane
Count of Valais, Daniell, Santa Croce,
Sainte Enimie, Vanzy, and Johnson
Earl of Sommerhausen, Hausen bei Würzburg,
Theilheim, and Estenfeld

Baron of Saint Martin and Johnson
Lord des Loges
Prince of the Holy Roman Empire
Roman Duke, Marquis, Count, and Baron
Noble and Patrician of Rome
Hereditary Imperial Knight of the Holy Roman Empire
Hereditary Imperial Vice Chancellor of Italy


















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